Nicotine stimulates the brain and when the blood level of nicotine falls the smoker can get withdrawal symptoms such as:

  • Anxiety
  • Craving
  • Restlessness
  • Headaches
  • Hunger
  • Irritability
  • Difficulty with concentration

These symptoms are relieved by the next cigarette. That is why smokers have to smoke regularly to feel normal.

This recent study (2015) showed that there is greater connectivity between certain brain regions in people who successfully quit smoking compared to those who tried and failed. Researchers, using fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging), observed that the 44 smokers who quit successfully had something in common.

Before they stopped smoking they had better synchrony between the insula (the part of brain responsible for urges and cravings) and the somatossensorial cortex (the centre of the sense of touch and motor control).

Joseph McClernon, the senior author of this study, noticed that “the insula, a large region in the cerebral cortex, has been the subject of many smoking cessation studies that show this area of the brain is active when smokers are craving cigarettes”.

This opens the opportunity for researchers to use Neurofeedback training to increase connectivity between insula and somatossensorial cortex in smokers to be more like those who quit successfully. It seems that better connectivity between those two regions of brain can help to quit smoking and Neurofeedback training offers a possibility to increase that connectivity.

In the book Clinical Addiction Psychiatry (2010) Siegfried Othmer and Mark Steinberg explain that Neurofeedback training can help you to prepare yourself for a drug-free existence and train your brain to function without nicotine. Neurofeedback alters the brain reward circuitry so that the association between pleasure, satiety and nicotine is reduced. The results from effective Neurofeedback training will help you feel joy on a daily basis and maintain sobriety.

Paula, 27: “Within one month I stopped smoking cigarettes and cannabis, it just wasn’t so pleasant anymore. As a result of the Neurofeedback I was already relaxed (that’s what I needed the smoking for). And if I smoked, the relaxed feeling got even less, so it was logical to stop smoking now. Not long after that, I totally quit drinking alcohol and all this without any effortAt this moment, after 5 months, I still don’t drink or smoke cigarette or cannabis anymore and I don’t miss it and that is the difference with how I felt in the past when I tried to stop”.

Another single study case is described by Dr Ron Kerner here: He had a patient 49 years old man who smoked 2 pack of cigarettes every day. With Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback Training he reduced his smoking down to 1/2 pack per day. Additionally to this training the patient had begun self-monitoring which was based on recording his reason for smoking each cigarette before he smoked it. This approach enhances awareness and enables  the smoker to focus on their smoking behaviour and frequency.


To learn more about Neurofeedback for Smoking, visit: